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商业 - 科技

各种高科技,助推美军提高战力

Aaron Pressman 2018年07月26日

美国陆军的未来作战司令部将重点关注现代化武器、作战车辆、直升机等空中支援工具和通讯网络。

美国陆军正在建立“未来作战司令部”(Futures Command),重新评估其整体战力和技术并着手改进,为迥异于之前战争的新型冲突做好准备。

在不久前的《财富》头脑风暴科技大会上,美国陆军军医署署长、中将纳贾·韦斯特解释道:“我们在后冷战时期拥有的战术、技术、流程和能力,可能到2028年以后就不再适用。如果我们希望保持对敌优势,就需要确保自己具备合适的能力。”她表示,未来作战司令部将重点关注现代化武器、作战车辆、直升机等空中支援工具和通讯网络。

她解释道:“这关乎提高士兵的基本素养,你要做的就是射击、移动、通讯、持久。”

美国陆军于两周前宣布,新成立的未来作战司令部把总部设在得克萨斯州奥斯汀。那里将配备100名制服士兵和400名平民员工。

陆军也对美国年轻人体质下降的问题日益担忧。韦斯特是第一位黑人军医署署长,她表示,美军是纯志愿兵役制,需要招募足够数量的健康士兵来保卫国家。她说如今只有25%的年轻人的身体状况符合参军要求。

韦斯特模仿着低头看手机的动作说:“大部分年轻人精于此道。”她又模仿着跑步动作说:“但擅长于此的却不多。”她透露,五角大楼的高官也曾表示国家安全的最大威胁在于年轻人的健康问题。“这实在令人惊讶。”

这也导致他们调整了新兵的基础训练方式。“基础训练的第一课上,我们发现要刻意避免他们过快接触重体力作业,因为他们还不习惯这样。”(财富中文网)

译者:严匡正

The U.S. Army is establishing a new “Futures Command” to reassess its entire fighting force and technologies and make improvements to prepare for conflicts that won’t resemble prior wars.

“The tactics, techniques, procedures, and capabilities that we had post-cold war may not take us to 2028 and beyond,” Lt. Gen. Nadja West, U.S. Army Surgeon General explained recently at Fortune’s Brainstorm Tech conference. “If we want to maintain the edge over our adversaries, we need to make sure that we’ve got the right capabilities.” The futures command will look particularly at modernizing weaponry, fighting vehicles, air support vehicles like helicopters, and communications networks, she said.

“It’s about improving the basics of soldiering,” she explained. “What you need to do is shoot, move, communicate, and be sustained.”

The Army announced two weeks ago that the new Futures Command will be headquartered in Austin, Texas. The effort will be staffed with about 100 uniformed soldiers and 400 civilians.

The army has also been growing increasingly concerned about the declining level of health of the country’s young people. With an all-volunteer army, the military is dependent on finding enough physically fit recruits to defend the country, West, the first black Army Surgeon General, said. Today, only about 25% of all young people are fit enough to meet military entrance requirements, she said.

“Most of our youngsters now are very good at doing this,” West said, miming looking down at her phone. “But not so much at doing this,” she said, imitating running in place. Some in the top ranks of the Pentagon have said the biggest threat to national security is the health of young people, according to West. “It’s really surprising,” she said.

That’s led to a change in basic training for new recruits. “In our first entry in basic training we found that we’ve had to be very deliberate in making sure that we don’t get them started too quickly in strenuous activities, just because they’re not used to doing that.”

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