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美股牛市期开始之后最严重的五次暴跌

Brittany Shoot 2018年10月16日

近年来道琼斯和标普指数短暂下跌后反弹,并进一步涨到新的高点的情况已经不止一次。

不过10月10日却是分析师和顾问们所讨厌的少数不景气的日子。仿佛傍晚的风暴一般,暴跌降临了。道琼斯工业平均指数(Dow Jones Industrial Average)下跌了超过800点。标普500指数(Standard and Poor’s 500 stock index)跌幅达到3%,创造了近两年来连续下跌天数最长的记录。

科技股的表现尤其惨淡。奈飞公司(Netflix)跌幅超过8%,亚马逊(Amazon)的跌幅约为6%,谷歌(Google)的母公司Alphabet和苹果(Apple)当日也下跌了4%以上。

这一轮牛市之前也有过几次大的市场调整。这并不是说10月10日的下跌不足以引起警惕,但近年来道琼斯和标普指数短暂下跌后反弹,并进一步涨到新的高点的情况已经不止一次。以下是本轮长达近十年的牛市中最大规模的五次调整。

2010年“闪电暴跌”

在本轮牛市之初的2010年,有一次被称作“闪电暴跌”(Flash Crash)的调整。当年6月7日,股市出现了短暂的暴跌,随后又涨回了原点,整个过程只用了大约一个小时。

2011年黑色星期一

这轮牛市花了一阵时间涨到了历史高点,不过2011年的黑色星期一到来了,这是首次被广泛认可的市场调整。CNN称,2011年8月11日是华尔街自2008年金融危机以来最惨痛的一天,当天标普指数暴跌6.7%。

2015年夏季暴跌

2015年的夏天也很艰难。当年8月,道琼斯平均指数的跌幅达数十年来之最。《今日美国》(USA Today)称,那也是四年来第一次超过10%跌幅的市场调整。

2016年缓慢抛售

CNBC表示,对投资者而言,2016年前几个月很难熬,因为当年2月道琼斯平均指数下跌了25%。标普指数在2016年也有约14%的跌幅。

道琼斯史上单日跌幅最大的一次

2018年也并非一帆风顺。2月8日,标普500指数和道琼斯指数下跌10%,正式被归为市场调整的范畴。这也是两年来股指第一次跌幅如此之大,还创造了道琼斯指数单日跌幅之最。

不过股市很快就开始反弹,长久的牛市在8月创下了新纪录——虽然专家对于它是否是史上最长牛市仍然存在争议。而且,这也阻止不了特朗普总统庆贺美国这一标志性的时刻。

史上最长牛市,祝贺美国!

——唐纳德·J. 特朗普(2018年8月22日) (财富中文网)

译者:严匡正

October 10, though, came one of those rainy days that analysts and advisers hate to see arriving like a late afternoon storm. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped more than 800 points in afternoon trading. And the Standard and Poor’s 500 stock index went down 3%, hitting what is now its longest losing streak in over two years.

Technology stocks were especially hard hit, with Netflix plummeting more than 8% and Amazon down around 6%. Google parent company Alphabet and Apple stock also went down more than 4% today.

This current bull market has had other major corrections, though. That doesn’t mean October 10 isn’t cause for alarm, but it does mean this isn’t the first time in recent years that the Dow and S&P have briefly dipped before rebounding and ticking further upward to new record highs. Here are five of the biggest corrections in this current bull market, now almost a decade long.

Flash Crash of 2010

An early market correction in this run showed up as the so-called Flash Crash of 2010. On June 7 of that year, the market briefly plummeted, and then recovered, all within about an hour.

Black Monday 2011

It took a while for this current bull market to slump to historic levels, but Black Monday 2011 offered another of the current market’s first widely recognized corrections. August 11, 2011 was Wall Street’s worst day since the 2008 recession, according to CNN, with the S&P dropping 6.7%.

Summer Crash 2015

Summer of 2015 was rough again, with the worst Dow average in decades that August. It was the first stock market correction of more than 10% in four years, according to USA Today.

Slow Start Selloff 2016

The early months of 2016 were rough for investors, as the average stock was down 25% in February of that year, according to CNBC. The S&P declined around 14% in 2016 as well.

The Dow’s Biggest One-Day Drop in History

And 2018 hasn’t been without speed bumps either. On February 8, the S&P 500 and Dow fell 10%, which officially put both in market correction territory. It was the first time in two years the index had dipped that low, and set a record for the Dow’s biggest one-day drop in history.

But the market recovered, with the bull market setting records in August—though experts can vary on their opinion of whether this is truly the longest bull market ever. Still, that didn’t stop President Trump from congratulating America on the landmark occasion.

Longest bull run in the history of the stock market, congratulations America!

—— Donald J. Trump  (August 22, 2018)

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