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六成大学生自称极焦虑 他们最担心什么?

Renae Reints 2018年09月24日

现在的美国大学生很焦虑,可以说极其焦虑。

美国高等教育平台Chegg一份名为“学生状态”的报告称,60%的大学生自称“经常”或者“一直”焦虑。原因包括财务压力、前途,也包括枪支暴力和性骚扰等。

Chegg的上述报告调查了1000名来自不同地区和学府的学生,其中66%的学生感觉住宿费用有压力,68%的学生经常担心毕业后的出路,66%的学生担心校园内会发生枪支暴力事件,仅有42%的受访学生相信校方会妥善解决性骚扰事件。尽管承担着种种压力,仍有73%的受访者对毕业后找到工作自食其力感到乐观。

Chegg的总裁兼首席执行官丹·罗森茨维格在声明中表示:“大学生面临很多和成年人同样的压力。他们会担心工作和经济,而且还多了适应社会的紧迫感。这可能不是什么新问题,但现在经济、政治、社会和科技至上的形势错综复杂,学生们感到的压力和肩负的担子越发沉重。”

Chegg的研究发现,73%的大学生在求学期间兼职工作,34%的学生发觉食物费用难以负担,甚至无力负担。至于派对更是奢望:将近三分之二的学生称,经常彻夜攻读,仅有四分之一的学生称晚上去过派对。

适应社会、财务状况和学业都令学生感到忧虑。上述调查发现,43%的学生自称在校内“非常孤独”;LGBTQ学生当中,多达61%深感孤独。总体来看,一半以上的受访学生都表示,大学期间“非常难过或者心情低落”。

不同党派的学生感受到的政治压力相差悬殊。73%的共和党学生相信美国朝正确的方向前进,仅有24%的民主党学生同意。

一半受访拉美裔学生都担心,不知哪天身边认识的人就会被驱逐出境。

种种压力可能引发心理健康问题,或者导致原有的问题恶化,影响学生专心求学。专业组织美国心理学会称,因“严重心理健康问题”向校内咨询中心求助的大学生逐渐增多。

但Chegg的调查还发现,63%的受访大学生称,从未利用过校内的心理健康辅导资源,有些甚至不知道此类资源存在。(财富中文网)

译者:Pessy

审校:夏林

 

According to a “State of the Student” report by Chegg, 60% of college students say they are anxious “frequently” or “all the time.” The sources of worry range from finances and futures to gun violence and sexual assault.

In a survey of 1,000 students across a range of demographics and colleges, 66% say they cannot comfortably afford housing at their college, 68% frequently worry over their futures, 66% worry there will be an incident of gun violence on campus, and only 42% are confident that their school’s administration adequately addresses cases of sexual assault. Despite these stresses, 73% reported feeling optimistic they’ll find a job that can support them after college.

“College students are facing many of the same pressures that adults face. They’re stressed by work and finance, plus they deal with the additional urgency of fitting in socially,” said Dan Rosensweig, president and CEO of Chegg, in a statement. “That may not seem particularly new, but today’s complex economic, political, social and tech-dominated landscape has accentuated the tension and burden students feel.”

Chegg’s study found 73% of students work while in school, while 34% find it challenging or impossible to afford food. Forget partying: nearly two-thirds of students say they’ve pulled an all-nighter studying, while only one-fourth said they’ve spent that time partying.

Social adjustment causes worry, alongside finances and academics. The survey found 43% of students reported feeling “very lonely” at college; for LGBTQ students, this number was even higher at 61%. More than half of all students reported feeling “very sad or depressed” at college.

Political stress is immensely divided along party lines: 73% of Republican students believe the country is going in the right direction, while only 24% of Democratic students feel this is true.

Exactly half of Hispanic students are worried someone they know personally will be deported.

All of these stresses can pile on top of developing or preexisting mental health issues, affecting students’ ability to focus on their school work. According to the American Psychological Association, a rising number of students are seeking help at their university counseling centers for “serious mental health problems.”

Chegg’s survey, however, found that 63% of students say they have never used their college’s mental-health resources, or were unaware of their existence.

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